Exploring Human Resource Management Practices and Employability: A Study on Sports Graduates in Malaysia

Mohamad Firdaus Ahmad, Nur Syazwani Zulaikha Safwan, Nur Dalilah Dahlan, Nur Hani Syazwani Bakri, Wahidah Tumijan, Ellail Ain Mohd Aznan


Turnover among employees has become an issue debated in Malaysia and worldwide due to the dissatisfaction with human resource management (HRM) practices and an individual's employability in the organization. Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine the correlation between HRM practices and employability. This study involved 370 sports graduates from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia. The data has been obtained through a questionnaire consisting of 26 items divided into five practices of HRM; recruitment and selection, training and development, reward, performance appraisal, and participation and communication. Meanwhile, 20 items were used to measure employability. The quantitative research design is applied in the study, which uses survey methods to obtain information and data from respondents. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) application, and Pearson correlation was used to explain the relationship between HRM practices and employability. The findings confirmed a significant and moderate positive relationship between five practices of HRM and employability among sports graduates. This study may impact the implementation of HRM practices in an organization to improve these existing practices. This study may provide employers with knowledge and information in measuring and implementing good HRM practices to associate the employees' skills. Therefore, understanding HRM practices and employability prepares graduates and organizations with relevant practices and skills to achieve organizational goals.


Keywords: human resource management, employability, sports graduates.

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