Housewives' Knowledge on Energy Conservation
Households, including energy users, are quite large. Households also contribute to the energy crisis. Housewives, as managers of energy use and regulators of household expenses, are expected to play their role in helping to reduce energy consumption in an energy-efficient manner. Housewives very much need knowledge of energy conservation because they are the closest to the business of using energy in the house. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge of housewives about energy conservation. This study uses a quantitative approach. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The research was carried out in the city of Palembang. The population of this study was housewives in Palembang, amounting to 50 people in the research sample. Research respondents are domiciled in Ario Kemuning sub-district housing. The research sample was taken using a random sampling technique. Collecting data using a questionnaire distributed to respondents at the research location. The data analysis technique is a descriptive quantitative method, which looks for the average value and standard deviation. The results showed that the knowledge of housewives about energy conservation as a whole was in a good category in terms of 6 levels of knowledge, namely knowing, understanding, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating. However, in the thesis aspect, namely connecting with the existing knowledge logic components, it is still low, with an average score of 2.86. The aspect of understanding is in the highest category, gaining a score of 3.52. Research on the knowledge of housewives on energy conservation has not been done, especially for the six steps of knowledge. For this reason, theoretically, it needs to develop an instrument of knowledge for all steps. It is recommended that housewives are given further education about energy-saving knowledge and behavior in the form of presentations that are easy to understand in the form of teaching materials or learning media.
Keywords: knowledge, housewives, energy, energy conservation.
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