Ha Tien Trade Port in International and Regional Trade Relations in the 17th and 18th Centuries
Ha Tien, which covered a vast area of southern Vietnam in the past, was the location of one of the most important Vietnamese trade ports during the 17th and 18th centuries. Owing to the trading expertise of Mac Cuu and the Minh Huong people (descendants of Ming loyalist immigrants who settled in South Vietnam during the 16th and 18th centuries) and the strategic vision and open policies of the Nguyen lords, a large trade network was established, connecting Ha Tien with other busy trade ports in Vietnam and abroad. This achievement also sprang from the fact that the Ha Tien trade port was founded during "the Age of Commerce," when systems of international seaports were set up and developed vigorously. Although studies on the Ha Tien trading port were mentioned in Vietnamese and foreign language works, those works just wrote the name of the trade port without deeply analyzing its position and role in the regional and international trade system. Therefore, the article focuses on in-depth analysis, clarifying the contributions of the port to the trade activities of Vietnam and the world in the XVII–XVIII centuries.
Keywords: Ha Tien, Mac family, Đàng Trong (Cochinchina), maritime trade, Age of Commerce.
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