Ha Tien Trade Port in International and Regional Trade Relations in the 17th and 18th Centuries

Dinh Tien Hieu, Nguyen Thu Hong


Ha Tien, which covered a vast area of southern Vietnam in the past, was the location of one of the most important Vietnamese trade ports during the 17th and 18th centuries. Owing to the trading expertise of Mac Cuu and the Minh Huong people (descendants of Ming loyalist immigrants who settled in South Vietnam during the 16th and 18th centuries) and the strategic vision and open policies of the Nguyen lords, a large trade network was established, connecting Ha Tien with other busy trade ports in Vietnam and abroad. This achievement also sprang from the fact that the Ha Tien trade port was founded during "the Age of Commerce," when systems of international seaports were set up and developed vigorously. Although studies on the Ha Tien trading port were mentioned in Vietnamese and foreign language works, those works just wrote the name of the trade port without deeply analyzing its position and role in the regional and international trade system. Therefore, the article focuses on in-depth analysis, clarifying the contributions of the port to the trade activities of Vietnam and the world in the XVII–XVIII centuries.


Keywords: Ha Tien, Mac family, Đàng Trong (Cochinchina), maritime trade, Age of Commerce.

Full Text:



DAI NAM COMPREHENSIVE ENCYCLOPAEDIA. (1997). Thuan Hoa Publishing House.

DINH, D.D.H.V.T. (2005). Annals of the Mac Family. Hanoi: Vietnam Education Publishing House.

DON, L.Q. (2008). Selected Works. Vol. 3: Miscellaneous Chronicles of the Pacified Frontier, Part II. Hanoi: Vietnam Education Publishing House.

DUC, S.H. (1973). Gulf of Thailand. Southwest Flowers Publishing House.

DUC, T.H. (1972). Geographical Description of Gia Dinh. Saigon: The Secretary of State for Culture.

DUC, T.H. (1998). Geographical Description of Gia Dinh. Hanoi: Vietnam Education Publishing House.

GASPARDONE, E. (1952). Un Chinois des Mers du Sud le Fondateur de Ha Tien. Journal Asiatique, CCXL(240), 363-385.

NATIONAL HISTORIOGRAPHICAL OFFICE OF THE NGUYEN DYNASTY. (1971). Dai Nam Comprehensive Encyclopaedia, Vol. 5. Hanoi: The Social Sciences Publishing House.

PHO, C.X. (1994). Southeast Asian Maritime Culture. The Southeast Asian Studies Review, 4.

RIED, A. (1998). Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce 1450 – 1680. Vol. I “The land below the winds”. London: Yale University Press.

TANA, L., & VAN DYKE, P.A. (2006). Southeast Asian Trade Ports in the 18th Century: New Documents, New Viewpoints. Vol. 3. Beijing University Publishing House.

UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES, HANOI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY. (2007). Vietnam in the Asian Trade System in the 16th and the 17th Centuries.

VAN KIM, N. (2006). Southern Vietnam: Maritime Economic Environment and Relations with Countries in the Region in the 17th and 18th Centuries. The Historical Study Review, 1(357).

VIETNAM ASSOCIATION OF HISTORICAL SCIENCES. (2008). Oc Eo Culture and Kingdom of Funan. Hanoi: The Gioi Publishing House.

WIKIPEDIA. (2022a). Provinces of Indonesia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provinces_of_Indonesia

WIKIPEDIA. (2022b). South Sumatra. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sumatra

XUEGUO, J. (2010). Research on the Maritime Trade in Southern Vietnam under the Nguyen Dynasty. The World Maps and Bibliographies Publishing House.


  • There are currently no refbacks.