Power and Interest of Actors in Using Tempe Lake in South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Lake Tempe is one of the largest lakes in the South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. In the usage of this lake, many actors or stakeholders are involved with their respective powers and interests. This article aims to analyze the strengths and interests of the stakeholders involved in the use of lakes during the rainy and dry seasons. Research on this matter has not been widely carried out in the Tempe Lake area. Existing research generally revolves around food production and consumption, community resilience, social capital, sustainability of the lake, fish production and sediment deposit of the lake. Therefore, this topic becomes interesting to be researched. The research was conducted in the Ileo Village in Tempe Sub-District, Wajo Regency. This study uses a qualitative approach. Data were obtained through interviews with many informants who understand the lake situation. The results showed that there were two main patterns in the usage of Lake Tempe: the use for fishing activities and the use of koti land that arose due to the receding lake water. For the usage of the fishing area, the actors are fishers, whitewater/anakarung, head of village (lurah), head of the fisheries service, fishery entrepreneurs, pappalele traders (small traders), fish stalls/shops, Macoa Tappareng, Fisheries Officer, and the regent. For the use of koti land, the stakeholders are farmers, village heads, agricultural extension workers, farmers, kiosks/shops. These stakeholders, both in the use of fishing ground and in the use of koti land, have the power to distribute and to use. Their interests are economic benefits, lake regularity, and regional income. The study findings imply that understanding the strengths and interests of lake stakeholders will make it easier for local authorities to manage the lake well.
Keywords: Tempe Lake; fishing area; Koti Land; power, interest.
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