Improving Student Academic Performance through Knowledge Sharing
The study aims to find empirical evidence regarding the positive influence of social network variables and information and communication technology variables on knowledge sharing. The study also aims to find empirical evidence regarding the positive influence of knowledge sharing variables on student academic performance. The population of the study were all students at universities in the City of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Meanwhile, 296 samples were taken using the quota sampling method. Data processing was carried out using Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) with the help of the WarpPLS application. This study succeeded in proving that social network variables and information and communication technology variables positively influenced knowledge sharing. The study also found empirical evidence that knowledge sharing has a positive effect on student academic performance. The research has theoretical and practical implications. From the theoritical implication, the findings give clearer description about the relationship among variables used in the current research. From the practical one, the findings can be used by main stakeholders to improve academic performance by increasing knowledge sharing activities. The study also has limitations and future research agendas.
Keywords: social network, knowledge sharing, student academic performance.
AININ, S., NAQSHBANDI, M. M., MOGHAVVEMI, S., & JAAFAR, N. I. (2015). Facebook usage, socialization and academic performance. Computers and Education (Vol. 83). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.12.018
AL-RAHMI, W. M., OTHMAN, M. S., & YUSUF, L. M. (2015). The role of social media for collaborative learning to improve academic performance of students and researchers in Malaysian higher education. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 16(4), 177–204. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v16i4.2326
AL SAIFI, S., DILLON, S., & MCQUEEN, R. (2016). The Relationship between Management Support and Knowledge Sharing: An Exploratory Study of Manufacturing Firms. Knowledge and Process Management, 23(2), 124–135. https://doi.org/10.1002/kpm.1506
ALAVI, M., & LEIDNER, D. E. (2001). Review: Knowledge management and knowledge management systems: Conceptual foundations and research issues. MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, 25(1), 107–136. https://doi.org/10.2307/3250961
BOCK, G. W., ZMUD, R. W., KIM, Y. G., & LEE, J. N. (2005). Behavioral intention formation in knowledge sharing: Examining the roles of extrinsic motivators, social-psychological forces, and organizational climate. MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, 29(1), 87–111. https://doi.org/10.2307/25148669
CHAI, S., DAS, S., & RAO, H. (2011). Factors affecting bloggers’ knowledge sharing: An investigation across gender. Journal of Management Information Systems, 28(3), 309–342. https://doi.org/10.2753/MIS0742-1222280309
CHEN, C. J., & HUNG, S. W. (2010). To give or to receive? Factors influencing members’ knowledge sharing and community promotion in professional virtual communities. Information and Management, 47(4), 226–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2010.03.001
CHENG, M. M. H., TANG, S. Y. F., & CHENG, A. Y. N. (2012). Practicalising theoretical knowledge in student teachers’ professional learning in initial teacher education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28(6), 781–790. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2012.02.008
CHEN, Y.C. (2015). Linking Learning Styles And Learning On Mobile Facebook. International Review Of Research In Open And Distributed Learning. 16(2), 94-114.
CHIU, S. H. (2010). Students’ knowledge sources and knowledge sharing in the design studio-an exploratory study. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 20(1), 27–42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-008-9061-9
CHONG, C. W., TEH, P.-L., & TAN, B. C. (2014). Knowledge sharing among Malaysian universities’ students: do personality traits, class room and technological factors matter? Educational Studies, 40(1), 1-25, https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2013.825577
DAVENPORT, B. T. H., PRUSAK, L., & WEBBER, A. (2003). Working knowledge: how organizations manage what they know [Book Review]. IEEE Engineering Management Review, 31(4), 137–137. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMR.2003.1267012
EID, M., & NUHU, N. A. (2011). Impact of learning culture and information technology use on knowledge sharing of Saudi students. Knowledge Management Research and Practice, 9(1), 48–57. https://doi.org/10.1057/kmrp.2010.25
GONZÁLEZ-LOUREIRO, M., ALONSO, M. V., & SCHIUMA, G. (2015). Knowledge and sustained competitive advantage: How do services firms compete? Investigaciones Europeas de Direccion y Economia de La Empresa, 21(2), 55–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iedee.2015.03.001
GROSSECK, G., BRAN, R., & TIRU, L. (2011). Dear teacher, what should I write on my wall? A case study on academic uses of Facebook. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 1425–1430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.306
HENDRIKS, P. (1999). Why Share Knowledge? Knowledge and Process Management, 6(2), 91–100. Retrieved from http://keycoverbyyim.tarad.com/shop/k/keycoverbyyim/img-lib/con_20110806223415_u.pdf
HODGKINSON, D.M. (2006). Collaborative Behavior Among LIS Students. Education For Information, 24, 125-138
HÖGBERG, C., & FUTURIZER, K. M. (1998). A design for futurizing knowledge. Journal of Knowledge Management, 2(2), 81–92.
IGBARIA, M., & TAN, M. (1997). The consequences of information technology acceptance on subsequent individual performance. Information and Management, 32(3), 113–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7206(97)00006-2
REYCHAV, I., & WEISBERG, J. (2009). Good for Workers, Good for Companies: How Knowledge Sharing benefits Individual Employees. Knowledge and Process Management, 16(4), 186–197. https://doi.org/10.1002/kpm
KIM, S., & LEE, H. (2006). The impact of organizational context and information technology on employee knowledge-sharing capabilities. Public Administration Review. 66, 370-385
KO, D.G., KIRSCH, L.J., & KING, W.R. (2005). Antecedents of Knowledge Transfer from Consustants to Clients in Enterprise System Implementations. MIS Quarterly, 59-85
KUMAR, N. (2005). Assessing The Learning Culture And Performance Of Educational Institutions. Performance Improvement. 44(9), 27-32
LEE, H., & CHOI, B. (2003). Knowledge Management Enablers, Processes, and Organizational Performance: An Integrative View and Empirical Examination Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 20(1), 179–228.
LEIBOWITZ, J. (2007). Social Networking: The Essence Of Innovation. Scarecrow Press. Lanham, MD.
LEVINE, J.M., THOMPSON, L.L. and MESSICK, D.M. (2013). Shared cognition in organizations: The management of knowledge. Psychology Press, New York, NY.
LICHTENTHALER, U., & ERNST, H. (2006). Attitudes to Externally Organising Knowledge Management Tasks: A Review, Reconsideration and Extension of the NIH Syndrome. R&D Management, 36(4), 367-386.
LIN, C.P. (2007). To Share Or Not To Share: Modeling Tacit Knowledge Sharing, Its Mediators And Antecedents. Journal of Business Ethics. 70(4), 411-428
MA, W. W. K., & YUEN, A. H. K. (2011). Understanding online knowledge sharing: An interpersonal relationship perspective. Computers and Education, 56(1), 210–219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.08.004
MAROUF, L. N. (2007). Social networks and knowledge sharing in organizations: A case study. Journal of Knowledge Management, 11(6), 110–125. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270710832208
MICHIKYAN, M., SUBRAHMANYAM, K., & DENNIS, J. (2015). Facebook use and academic performance among college students: A mixed-methods study with a multi-ethnic sample. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 265–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.12.033
MOLINA-MORALES, F. X., & MARTINEZ-FERNANDEZ, M. T. (2010). Social networks: Effects of social capital on firm innovation. Journal of Small Business Management, 48(2), 258–279. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-627X.2010.00294.x
NISAR UL HAQ, M., & HAQUE, M. (2018). Investigating the Knowledge Sharing among students in Pakistan. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 7(1), 32–39.
PAAVOLA, S., LIPPONEN, L., & HAKKARAINEN, K. (2004). Models of Innovative Knowledge Communities and Three Metaphors of Learning. Review of Educational Research, 74(4), 557–576. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543074004557
LIANG, T.-P., LIU, C.-C., and WU, C.-H. (2008). Can Social Exchange Theory Explain Individual Knowledge-Sharing Behavior? A Meta-Analysis ICIS 2008 Proceedings, 171. https://aisel.aisnet.org/icis2008/171
RHODES, J., LOK, P., HUNG, Y. Y. R., & FANG, S. C. (2008). An integrative model of organizational learning and social capital on effective knowledge transfer and perceived organizational performance. Journal of Workplace Learning, 20(4), 245–258. https://doi.org/10.1108/13665620810871105
RIEGE, A. (2005). Three-dozen knowledge-sharing barriers managers must consider. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 18–35. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270510602746
ROSS, C., ORR, E. S., SISIC, M., ARSENEAULT, J. M., SIMMERING, M. G., & ORR, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578–586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024
SHAH, S. R., & MAHMOOD, K. (2016). Contributing factors in knowledge sharing for performance of university students in teachers’ training programs. Library Management, 37(8–9), 496–506. https://doi.org/10.1108/LM-09-2016-0067
TABISH, S.A & SYED, N. (2015). Towards establishing world-class universities: a conceptual approach. International Journal of Science And Research. 4(2), 614-633.
TALJA, S. & HANSEN, P. (2006). Information Sharing in Spink. New Directions in Human Information Behavior. Springer.
TRURAN, W. R. (1998). Pathways for knowledge: How companies learn through people. EMJ - Engineering Management Journal, 10(4), 15–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/10429247.1998.11415003
TSAI, W., & GHOSHAL, S. (1998). Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41(4), 464–476. https://doi.org/10.2307/257085
UYS, P. M., NLEYA, P., & MOLELU, G. B. (2004). Technological innovation and management strategies for higher education in Africa: Harmonizing reality and idealism. Educational Media International, 41(1), 67–80. https://doi.org/10.1080/0952398032000105120
WANGPIPATWONG, S. (2009). Factors influencing knowledge sharing among university students. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2009, 800–807.
YUAN, Y.C., ZHAO, X., LIAO, Q., & CHI, C. (2013). The Use of Different Information and Communication Technologies to Support Knowledge Sharing in Organizations: from E-Mail to Micro-Blogging. Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology. 64(8), 1659-1670
ZAQOUT, F., & ABBAS, M. (2012). Towards a model for understanding the influence of the factors that stimulate university students’ engagement and performance in knowledge sharing. Library Review, 61(5), 345–361. https://doi.org/10.1108/00242531211280478
- There are currently no refbacks.