International Students' Motivation and Self-Confidence in Learning Indonesian

Nihta Vera Frelly Liando, Rinny S. Rorimpandey, Tirza A. Kumayas, Devilito Prasetyo Tatipang


Motivation and self-confidence are important aspects to increase engagement in learning and indirectly to conversation. The success of learning Indonesian can be seen from how students can convey their ideas and can connect with the other persons in communication, also, it can happen because of the balanced self-confidence and motivation. Therefore, this research article aims to study the relationship between motivation and self-confidence toward the ability to speak Bahasa Indonesia of foreign students who took an intensive Indonesian course. As to explain the correlation among speaking ability, motivation and self-confidence, the combined methods both qualitative and quantitative were applied. Thirty-eight participants participated in this study. At the end of the course, questionnaires were distributed to get information about motivation and self-confidence in speaking Indonesian. Additionally, the evaluation of their speaking ability was also collected for analysis of correlation. Both motivation and self-confidence highly correlated with speaking ability, with r=0.827, r=0.851, respectively. This finding shows that there is a significant correlation between motivation and self-confidence and their ability to speak bahasa Indonesia, students who had high motivation and good self-confidence managed to improve their speaking abilities. However, instructors should focus on building students' motivation and self-confidence by creating a supportive classroom environment that encourages students to talk as much as possible and participate in verbal activities without fear or embarrassment because students who are unmotivated and lack self-confidence are unsure of their speaking abilities. Therefore, further studies can be conducted to examine more specifically the causes of low motivation and causes of lack of confidence in the participants.


Keywords: Indonesian, motivation, oral skill, self-confidence




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