A Comparison of Information Disclosure Requirements under Vietnamese and French Contract Law

Hoang Thi Hai Yen, Tran Cong Thiet


Compared with the provisions of Vietnamese law, French law has clearer and more specific provisions on the obligation to provide pre-contractual information. Within the scope of this article, the authors survey the obligation to provide information before the execution of the contract, by comparing the provisions of the 2015 Civil Code of Vietnam with the 2016 Civil Code of the French Republic. Hopefully this will result in reference information for legal research, and at the same time propose recommendations to improve Vietnamese law in this field. This paper is divided into two main parts by applying a qualitative approach to achieve the research objectives. The first part examines the theoretical framework and provides an overview of the issues raised in implementing the provisions of assess of the Obligations and contracts in Vietnam's civil code and the legal civil code in France. The second, analysing a liability to compensate for damage outside the contract due to a breach of the obligation to provide information during the contract negotiation period to propose solutions to improve the legal corridor for developing this issue in Vietnam.


Keywords: obligation to provide information, civil code, execution of the contract.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.60.50


Full Text:



ASEAN (2018). Consumer Protection. https://aseanconsumer.org/cterms-regional-cooperation-in-asean/asean-committee-on-consumer-protection-accp, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

CARTWRIGHT, J. (2016). French Civil Code 2016. Trans-Lex. https://www.trans-lex.org/601101/_/french-civil-code-2016/, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

CUONG, N.H. (2006). Some shortcomings in part 7 of the 2005 Civil Code of Vietnam. VNU Journal of Science: Legal Studies, 22(2E), 16–20. Retrieved from https://js.vnu.edu.vn/LS/article/view/2991

DISSAUX, N. (2016). Réforme du droit des contrats, du régime général et de la preuve des obligations:(ordonnance n° 2016–131 du 10 février 2016): commentaire des articles 1100 à 1386–1 du code civil. Paris: Dalloz, 2016. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/reforme-du-droit-des-contrats-du-regime-general-et-de-la-preuve-des-obligations-ordonnance-n-2016-131-du-10-fevrier-2016-commentaire-des-articles-1100-a-1386-1-du-code-civil/oclc/957376730

DO, V.D. (2016). Scientific commentary on the new points of Vietnam Civil Code 2015. Hanoi: Hong Duc Publishing House.

DO, V.D. (2017). Vietnam Contract Law-Judgment Commentary. Hanoi: Hong Duc Publishing House.

DO, V.D., & QUOC, C.N. (2018). La réforme du droit de la responsabilité civile: regards croisés Vietnamo-Français. Revue Internationale de Droit Comparé, 1(70), 119–148. Retrieved from https://www.persee.fr/doc/ridc_0035-3337_2018_num_70_1_20921, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

EUROPEAN UNION. (2002). The Principles Of European Contract Law 2002 (Parts I, II, and III). International Contracts. https://www.jus.uio.no/lm/eu.contract.principles.parts.1.to.3.2002/portrait.pdf, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

HAI, N.H. (2019). A Study on the Civil Code Revision: The 2015 Civil Code of Vietnam. In Y. KANEKO (Ed.), Civil Law Reforms in Post-Colonial Asia (pp. 85-100). Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-6203-3_5

HOANG, T.L. (2010). The third part: Civil obligations and civil contracts. Institute of Legal Science, 2, 195.

LINE, J. (2011). Les vices du consentement: Le dol Commentaire Cass. Pimido. https://www.pimido.com/droit-public-et-prive/droit-des-obligations/commentaire-d-arret/vices-consentement-dol-commentaire-cass-1ere-civ-3-mai-2000-136598.html, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

NGUYEN, M.H., DAO, T.T.H., LE, V.N., and NGO Q.C. (2011). Common contractual terms (Terminology Contractuelle Commune) of the Francophonie International Organization and the Continental European Legal Fund, Vietnamese-French Legal House. Hanoi: Encyclopedia Publishing House.

ORZIKH, Y. (2016). Notariat in the law of European countries: part I – historical review. Academia. https://www.academia.edu/11744819/Notariat_in_the_law_of_European_countries_part_I_historical_review, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

PRESIDENT OF FRANCE. (2020). Ordonnance n° 2020–232 du 11 mars 2020 relative au régime des décisions prises en matière de santé, de prise en charge ou d’accompagnement social ou médico-social à l’égard des personnes majeures faisant l’objet d’une mesure de protection juridique. LegiFrance. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/id/JORFTEXT000041712000, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

QUANG, N.X. (2007). Impact of various forms of error on the determination of contractual liability from the perspective of honesty and goodwill. VNU Journal of Legal Science, 3, 11.

SCHOOL OF LAW. (2000). Bull. Civ. 2000.I, no. 131, p.88 Case M. Colin v. Mme Boucher , known as the Baldus case. The University of Texas at Austin. https://law.utexas.edu/transnational/foreign-law-translations/french/case.php?id=1141, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. (2015). Code of Civil Procedure. Vietan Law. https://vietanlaw.com/the-law-no-91-2015-qh13/, accessed date: 30th October, 2022.

THI, T.H.T.N. (2018). Party autonomy in Vietnam–the new choice of law rules for international contracts in the civil code 2015. Journal of Private International Law, 14(2), 343–367. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441048.2018.1507984

XAVIER B.-J. (2014). Rémy Cabrillac. -Droit européen comparé des contrats, coll. «Systèmes», 2012. Revue Internationale de Droit Comparé, 1(66), 166. Retrieved from https://www.persee.fr/doc/ridc_0035-3337_2014_num_66_1_20363_t19_0166_0000_2


  • There are currently no refbacks.