The Real Situation of the Sustainable Development of Semi-Boarding Ethnic Schools in Vietnam

Tran Thi Yen, Vuong Hong Hanh, Tran Huu Hoan, Pham Thi Van, Vuong Thi Phuong Hanh


Semi-boarding ethnic schools are specialized schools under the national education system affirmed in Article 61, 2019 Education Law. Faced with the educational renovation requirements along with the development of the country in general and the ethnic minority areas in particular, the system of semi-boarding ethnic schools plays a vital role in creating a student source for boarding ethnic schools and ethnic human resources with high-quality for the future. The study focuses on exploring the real situation of sustainable development of semi-boarding ethnic schools in Vietnam through mixed research methods, including quantitative and qualitative methods. The used data sources include both primary and secondary data. The secondary data are obtained from internal documents of schools, management reports from the Ministry of Education and Training, and related studies. The primary data are obtained from interviews, group discussions, surveys, and other activities. The study uses the 7-point Likert-type scale to explore the development of a semi-boarding ethnic school, the 5-point Likert scale to determine the factors influencing, and the two-choice question to show the appropriateness of the solutions. SPSS and IF software is used to process and analyze the data, with the main method being descriptive statistics and T-test. The research results show the tasks/contents and criteria in each component of the model to meet the current requirements (educational renovation requirements) without affecting its future. It is also the current trend in the context of being international and domestic in general, Vietnam’s education sector in particular, which has been implementing the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals in all social life areas, especially in education and training in ethnic minority and mountainous areas.


Keywords: sustainable development, model, semi-boarding ethnic schools.




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