Effect of Transformational Leadership, Remuneration, and Work Motivation on Work Engagement with Job Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable (Study of Civil Servant Lecturers of Alauddin State Islamic University Makassar)

Nurmiati, Roslina Alam, Amir Mahmud, Imaduddin, Ilham


This study aims to analyze (1) the effect of transformational leadership on job satisfaction; (2) the effect of remuneration on job satisfaction; (3) the effect of work motivation on job satisfaction and work engagement; (4) the effect of job satisfaction against work engagement; (5) the effect of transformational leadership on work engagement; (6) the effect of remuneration on work engagement; and (7) the effect of motivation on work engagement. This study employed a quantitative approach using primary data from questionnaires of 258 respondents. The study was conducted from August to October 2023. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) with the help of Amos version 25 and SPSS version 25. The results show that 1) transformational leadership has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction; (2) remuneration has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction; 3) work motivation has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction; 4) satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on job engagement; 5) transformational leadership has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction; 6) Remuneration has no significant effect on job engagement; and 7) work motivation positively and significantly affects work engagement.


Keywords: transformational leadership, remuneration, work motivation, job satisfaction, work engagement.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.10

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