Preliminary Survey of the Level of Competence of Bumiputera Entrepreneurs in Malaysia

Muhamad Hariff Ahamat, Norngainy Mohd Tawil, Noor Azlan Ghazali, Roslan Ja’afar, Noviatin Syarifuddin


The National Entrepreneurship Policy (NEP) 2030 creates a holistic and conducive entrepreneurial ecosystem to support an inclusive, balanced, and sustainable socioeconomic agenda. However, the issue of competence of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) Bumiputera entrepreneurs in the business sector has yet to be resolved holistically. Accordingly, a pilot study was conducted to determine the level of competence of MSME bumiputra entrepreneurs in Malaysia. The design of a quantitative study with a survey method approach was conducted on Bumiputera MSME entrepreneurs around Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. The competency study instrument has high reliability with a Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.967. The resource-based view (RBV) theory is used as the basis for the formation of research instruments. Questionnaires were distributed to the respondents face-to-face. The study data were analyzed descriptively using SPSS Version 28.0 software. The results of the study show that most of the respondents are between 31 and 40 years old with an income of 10,000 Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) and above and are involved in the business sector. The level of competence of entrepreneurs in terms of skills through the strategic management dimension shows the highest mean value (4.41). Meanwhile, the level of knowledge competence through the dimension of foresight and the system of thinking showed the lowest mean value (4.17). The findings of this study have implications for the government to design training programs, seminars, and courses to strengthen the knowledge of Bumiputera entrepreneurs in Malaysia.


Keywords: competence, entrepreneur, pilot study, Malaysia.



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