Factors Influencing Online Learning of Private University Students under the Covid-19 Pandemic in Selangor

Ilangovan Perumal, Sudhashini Nair, Dineswary Nadarajan, Murugan Thangiah, Stephen Sesaiah, Gopal Perumal


The high uncertainty of the Covid-19 pandemic makes it challenging for policy makers to design suitable solutions in response to it, especially in the education sector. The education sector is highly affected by the outbreak of COVID-19. The outbreak of COVID-19 is hindering education globally and hence has forced some high institutions to switch to online classes with the aim of mitigating the spread of the disease. This study’s major objective was to determine factors influencing online learning of private university students under the COVID-19 pandemic in Selangor. The analysis was conducted through a quantitative approach using SPSS Version 20.0. From 217 participants given the questionnaire through online method with use of a Google link and social media such as WhatsApp and Facebook, the research obtained 206 responses. The analysis conducted, which included the linearity test, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple regression, revealed relationship between independent variables (technical skills, course content and methodology, online connectivity and availability, student engagement) and the dependent variable (online learning under the COVID-19 pandemic). Hence, multiple regression showed that all the hypotheses were accepted. However, the research faced limitations relating to the approach used, such as convenience sampling, as the researchers focused only on a quantitative approach. Hence, future studies can focus on simple random sampling and missed approaches to further enhance the reliability and validity.


Keywords: online learning, social media, Covid-19 pandemic.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.31

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