Combating Corruption

Agron Beka, Agnesa Beka


Corruption, as a social phenomenon and criminal offense, is any form of abuse of power by individuals and groups for their own gain in any sector of a society’s institutional and social life. The consequences of corruption are very negative, damaging, and serious for every part of society. Corruption’s negative consequences are usually manifested in the growth of poverty, the decline of the economy, and social dissatisfaction with reforms and institutions. Сombating corruption is one of the main challenges of democratic societies; therefore, the presence of corruption represents one of the most serious forms of criminality in general and economic one in particular in the national and international domains. Corruption not only destroys the economic basis of a country but also affects the basis of its legal system, legislation, judiciary, public-private institutions, cultural, health, and other social policies of society. Combating corruption is the mission of every legal state. However, without the division and balancing of decision-making power and the responsibilities of officials in state-public institutions, it is impossible to achieve success in this direction. This research aims to help national and international institutions in the war against corruption by analyzing and explaining some of the most effective forms of combating this dangerous phenomenon and enriching the literature on this topic, which would be very helpful for the public and academic world. The necessity of combating corruption is urgent because of its damaging effects and implications for states and societies. To combat the phenomenon of corruption, anti-corruption institutions should consider that the forms of how this phenomenon is conducted evolve every day, and they need to advance their forms and methods to combat it. 


Keywords: corruption, judiciary, criminal offense.



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