Cohousing: A Bibliographic Review of Collaborative Living in Scopus: Trends and Perspectives

Rafael Sosa-Ramírez, Esteban Vázquez-Cano, Eloy López-Meneses, Andrés F. Mena-Guacas


This study employs a bibliometric approach to analyze the existing body of research on cohousing. The objective of this study was to identify thematic trends, dominant approaches, and highly relevant works and authors within this field. Through this investigation, we aim to map the intellectual landscape of cohousing research, thereby informing future research directions, guiding policymakers, and supporting practitioners in their endeavors. This bibliometric study comprehensively addresses cohousing research from 1979 to 2023, using the Scopus database as the primary source. The methodology involved identifying terms related to cohousing and a quadruple evaluation to ensure the reliability of the search terms. The bibliometrix tool, integrated into the R programing language, was used for data processing and analysis.  Results showed an annual growth of 8.55%, with a significant increase since 2009. Taking into account the interdisciplinary character of the identified sources, this approach is prominent in the case under investigation. Bradford’s law reveals that a handful of key academic journals dominate scientific publications in cohousing research, concentrating most research output. The core themes presented encompass “senior cohousing” and “community care,” with the overarching driving factors being housing policy and affordable housing, all of which prominently stand out. These themes are pivotal for grasping the current trajectory of cohousing. This groundbreaking study is of exceptional significance in addressing the pressing need to investigate new living environments for older adults and the provision of social housing. Its findings are of immense value to scientists from diverse fields, policymakers, and the public. No other study has delved as deeply into cohousing research as this one, analyzing a vast corpus from 1979 to the present. It uncovers trends and highlights recent developments in its social focus, thus establishing a foundation for understanding its potential to address contemporary challenges.


Keywords: cohousing, bibliometrics, aging, affordable housing, housing policies.



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