Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences

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The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences (HKJSS) (ISSN:1021-3619) is a double-blind peer-reviewed, open access research journal. HKJSS aims to publish interdisciplinary research with a primary focus on original research or reviews in various disciplines of humanities and social sciences.

Articles are welcome in the following categories: education and assessment, English language & literature, media & journalism, politics & governance, psychology, sociology, macroeconomics, international economics, econometrics, tourism, insurance, commerce, marketing, history, political science, philosophy, culturology, aesthetics, ethics, law, spirituality.


The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is indexed by Scopus, Web of Science, America: History and Life, CSA Sociological Abstracts, Historical Abstracts, Hong Kong Journal Online, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, International Consortium for the Academic Publication, ProQuest,  Ulrich’s Periodical Directory, 中華民國期刊論文索引影像系統, 中文期刊篇目索引影像系統, 香港中文期刊論文索引, 港澳期刊網.


Journal audiences are learned readers, including researchers from universities and higher education institutions, policymakers, and administrators. 

Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the social sciences are accepted for consideration.

The editorial board of the HKJSS includes 25 members and is chaired by Editor-in-Chief  Prof. Luo Jinyi.

Frequency of publication:  Four issues per year beginning in 2020

Access to all articles on the website is open beginning in 2020; neither registration nor payment is required.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The HKJSS maintains electronic versions of all articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration are provided, and cloud technologies are applied.


Article Publication Charges

The HKJSS is an open access journal. It is not funded by any government grants. 

The HKJSS guarantees that no university library or individual reader will ever need to buy a subscription or pay any pay-per-view fees to access articles of the journal. 

To cover the cost of the publication and maintain an open access status, the journal depends on article publication charges (APCs), which are also called publication fees. An APC is due only after the author has received a letter of acceptance from the journal. 

There is NO SUBMISSION charge. 

If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the journal collects the following APC: EURO 350. 

How do you pay an APC? A payment invoice and instructions will follow the letter of acceptance.



For further information, please contact:

We’re located, Rm 1326, Lift 13 - 15, Academic Building, Clear Water Bay, Sai Kung, New Territories, Hong Kong
Get in touch with us!
Email: mailbox@hkjoss.com
Phone: (852)-4248-8958

Paper Submission 



Submission open for No. 60 Autumn/Winter 2022

The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is accepting submissions for No. 60 Autumn/Winter 2022

Dear Authors,
Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System http://hkjoss.com/index.php/journal/pages/view/papersubmission  or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail mailbox@hkjoss.com.  The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences an international, open access journal with rapid peer-review, which publishes works from a wide range of fields, including anthropology, criminology, economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, psychology, social policy, social work, sociology and so on. The journal seeks to appeal to an interdisciplinary audience and authorship which focuses upon real world research. With its efficient and qualified double-blind peer review process, Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences aims to present the newest relevant and emerging scholarship in the field to both academia and the broader public alike, thereby maintaining its place as a dynamic platform for engaging in social sciences research and academic debate.

Subject Areas:
•    Anthropology;
•    Aesthetics;
•    Culturology;
•    Criminology;
•    Commerce;
•    Education and assessment;
•    English language & literature;
•    Econometrics;
•    Ethics;
•    Geography;
•    History;
•    International economics;
•    Insurance;
•    Law;
•    Linguistics;
•    Marketing;
•    Macroeconomics;
•    Media & journalism;
•    Political science;
•    Philosophy;
•    Psychology;
•    Social policy;
•    Social work;
•    Sociology;
•    Spirituality;
•    Tourism;
•    Other related areas.

Articles should be prepared in strict accordance with the template found through the following link: http://hkjoss.com/docs/template.doc  and Author Guidelines, please check the link http://hkjoss.com/index.php/journal/about/submissions#authorGuidelines.  
Each article should have no more than six authors. A study based on up-to-date references of 2016-2021 is required.
All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 350 applies to papers accepted after peer review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English or Chinese. Authors may use our English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
Articles published in the Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
Scopus coverage years: from 2010 to 2014, from 2016 to Present.

The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences rank is Q4 (General Social Sciences).

Posted: 2022-08-11 More...
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Last Research Articles

This article discusses the ideal policies to be applied to the Papua Special Autonomy issues. The regional expansion policy prepared by the central government is a policy that has the aim of encouraging community participation in the implementation of regional government. The approval of the Papuan People's Council (MRP) and the Papuan House of Representatives (DPRP) in deciding on the expansion of the region to encourage community participation can be ruled out considering that the central government is the party that has the authority to determine the extent to which the expansion policy is implemented or not. Through the normative approach in this study, it was found that the central government's policy was not arbitrary in implementing the determination of the regional expansion policy. There are limitations to the orientation direction of regional expansion, including the readiness of human resources and economic capacity, which must still be considered so that the objectives to be achieved from regional expansion can be implemented properly.


Keywords: regional expansion, the Papua Region, the law.

Muhammad Junaidi

The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between reading strategies and the Lexile score of the online reading comprehension program ‘Literacy Pro’. This would give a clear insight into the impact of the reading strategies on reading comprehension. It was hypothesized that the reading strategies adopted by students and the same recommended by the teachers have a positive intervening effect on student Lexile scores. The findings of the study were not completely supportive as hypothesized. The moderated mediation regression results are not reflecting any significant improvement in the Lexile score of students through the intervention of reading strategies adopted by the students, and training imparted to that effect by the teachers shows no major disparity. Reading comprehension is the product of multiple skills and knowledge sources, and the struggling readers often experience difficulty in multiple reading skills. ‘Literacy Pro’ is a multi-component online reading skill development program. Skills such as word identification, vocabulary knowledge, reading fluency, literal meaning, inferential meaning and expertise in grammar are necessary to construct the meaning of a text. Further research in these areas will provide clear insights into how reading comprehension may effectively be improved. This paper throws light on improving the sub skills of reading by focusing on reading strategies before, while and after a reading exercise. It further explores how the realm of technology may be effectively used to leverage reading comprehension skills. In the wake of advancement in the use of mobile technology in education, the same may be explored to enhance reading comprehension in a more interesting and entertaining manner for students.


Keywords: ESL, Literacy Pro, moderated mediation, online reading, reading comprehension.

Sheeba Jojo, Varghese Kizhakkacharuvil John, Chanintorn J. NuKoon

Despite the growing concern about small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), a paucity of research explores the role of digitally-mediated partnerships between SMEs, creative industries, and tourism in the actual market. To fill such a void, the present study aims to reveal how SMEs, creative industries, and tourism partner with a digital-based economy to advance national income. Data for the study were garnered through surveys, focus group discussions, and participatory training. Findings suggest that local entrepreneurs were aware of their lack of a digital-based economy and the rapid advancement of such digitalization. Therefore, they gradually enacted the digital-based economy by cooperating with young entrepreneurs in promoting their products. The application of digital-based MSMEs will help market MSME products. Making a digital website for the MSME product market is necessary to advance its business.


Keywords: partnership, digital transformation, conservation tourism; micro-, small, and medium enterprises.

Wahjoedi, Magistyo Purboyo Priambodo, Ni'matul Istiqomah, Dian Rahmawati

In the conditions of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Indonesian government is increasingly serious about dealing with health issues. This situation can be seen with the increasing number of government legal products in the form of laws and government regulations governing the health sector. However, the government's legal products are still not adequate. Among others, there is no special regulation on resolving health disputes between doctors as health care providers and patients as health care recipients (receivers). This paper aims to examine the provisions of Indonesian positive law that regulates the settlement of health disputes outside the court or known as alternative dispute resolution (ADR), although there is an honorary council of Indonesian medical discipline (MKDKI) in resolving health disputes that are not mediation institutions but as a form of supervision. Health disputes are different from other civil disputes. This is because health service disputes affect individuals as legal subjects, professions, and institutions. The character of the profession and institution will be greatly harmed if the health dispute resolution process is done openly through the litigation process. The open nature will provide opportunities for the character assassination of the profession. Mediation is a non-litigation approach in dispute resolution recognized by positive law in Indonesia. Deliberation to reach a consensus with the help of mediators can be taken through the approach of kinship, humanitarian principles, justice, and in order to maintain good relations to end existing disputes. The final settlement of disputes through mediation can be a memorandum of peace or a final and binding deed of peace. Based on the deed of peace, the judiciary can execute if there is a violation of the agreement's content. Based on the study results, it was concluded that alternative dispute resolution (ADR) with a health mediation mechanism is the right approach to resolving existing health disputes because it is beneficial for the parties, and the final form of resolution is recognized by positive law in Indonesia. Health mediation as a complement to the litigation process will greatly help the judiciary resolve existing disputes so that there is no accumulation of cases in the judiciary. In mediating this health dispute, if it has been agreed to be done by the mediator to strengthen peace, both parties are advised to file a lawsuit in court. When mediating in court, they make a mediation agreement in accordance with the previous mediation and register with the court to have binding legal force.


Keywords: mediation, resolution, health.

Sabela Gayo, Ariman Sitompul

This study sheds light on the metafictional world as a new genre to be discovered. Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov invented a new way of writing. He documented his life and career through a fictional and real-world “metafictional realm.” In his novel Look at the Harlequins!, Nabokov uses the strategy of choosing an artist as a prototypical character, reflecting the duality between what is real and what is fictional. This paper demonstrates how Nabokov successfully unites these two vague worlds. Moreover, the study explores the illusive or hidden world that penetrates reality and fiction. In Metafiction: The Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction, Patricia Waugh interprets an imaginative picture of the author’s mental world, revealing a mind capable of working in two different modes. According to Waugh, metafiction is the representation of the outside and inside intermingled realms of the novelist’s mind. She states that metafiction reveals the “self-consciousness” and “self-awareness” of the two creative worlds and introduces several strategies and structures in presenting the fictional and real “self-consciousness” of the author. She refers to Nabokov’s work as the “realm of a metafictional world” and asserts that the author evokes the “fictional and real” through Look at the Harlequins! This study shows how Nabokov sets his text within an additional context, using both outside and inside protagonists. In Look at the Harlequins!, he creates his own novel by creating a fictional novelist’s work, producing two mingled worlds. One of these is the fictional world of Vadim Vadimovich N., the narrator and protagonist. The other world is the real one, represented by Nabokov’s fictional career. This study, which serves as a guide for interpreting Nabokov’s postmodernist text and context, introduces a new genre of the novel—metafiction and its elements—and is intended to aid readers, particularly scholars, instructors, and critics, in their fields. Moreover, this study examines how postmodernists highlight reality through their novels. The scope of the study covers postmodern metafiction, particularly that of Vladimir Nabokov.


Keywords: self-consciousness, intermingled realms, metafiction, Vladimir Nabokov, mirrors.

Najlaa K. Saleh
Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences
The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences is read by a large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.
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