Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences

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The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences (HKJSS) (ISSN:1021-3619) is a double-blind peer-reviewed, open access research journal. HKJSS aims to publish interdisciplinary research with a primary focus on original research or reviews in various disciplines of humanities and social sciences.

Articles are welcome in the following categories: education and assessment, English language & literature, media & journalism, politics & governance, psychology, sociology, macroeconomics, international economics, econometrics, tourism, insurance, commerce, marketing, history, political science, philosophy, culturology, aesthetics, ethics, law, spirituality.


The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is indexed by Scopus, Web of Science, America: History and Life, CSA Sociological Abstracts, Historical Abstracts, Hong Kong Journal Online, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, International Consortium for the Academic Publication, ProQuest,  Ulrich’s Periodical Directory, 中華民國期刊論文索引影像系統, 中文期刊篇目索引影像系統, 香港中文期刊論文索引, 港澳期刊網.


Journal audiences are learned readers, including researchers from universities and higher education institutions, policymakers, and administrators. 

Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the social sciences are accepted for consideration.

The editorial board of the HKJSS includes 25 members and is chaired by Editor-in-Chief  Prof. Luo Jinyi.

Frequency of publication:  Four issues per year beginning in 2020

Access to all articles on the website is open beginning in 2020; neither registration nor payment is required.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The HKJSS maintains electronic versions of all articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration are provided, and cloud technologies are applied.


Article Publication Charges

The HKJSS is an open access journal. It is not funded by any government grants. 

The HKJSS guarantees that no university library or individual reader will ever need to buy a subscription or pay any pay-per-view fees to access articles of the journal. 

To cover the cost of the publication and maintain an open access status, the journal depends on article publication charges (APCs), which are also called publication fees. An APC is due only after the author has received a letter of acceptance from the journal. 

There is NO SUBMISSION charge. 

If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the journal collects the following APC: EURO 350. 

How do you pay an APC? A payment invoice and instructions will follow the letter of acceptance.



For further information, please contact:

We’re located, Rm 1326, Lift 13 - 15, Academic Building, Clear Water Bay, Sai Kung, New Territories, Hong Kong
Get in touch with us!
Email: mailbox@hkjoss.com
Phone: (852)-4248-8958

Paper Submission 



Submission open for No. 61 Spring/Summer 2023

The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is accepting submissions for No. 61 Spring/Summer 2023

Dear Authors,
Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System http://hkjoss.com/index.php/journal/pages/view/papersubmission  or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail mailbox@hkjoss.com.  The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences an international, open access journal with rapid peer-review, which publishes works from a wide range of fields, including anthropology, criminology, economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, psychology, social policy, social work, sociology and so on. The journal seeks to appeal to an interdisciplinary audience and authorship which focuses upon real world research. With its efficient and qualified double-blind peer review process, Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences aims to present the newest relevant and emerging scholarship in the field to both academia and the broader public alike, thereby maintaining its place as a dynamic platform for engaging in social sciences research and academic debate.

Subject Areas:
•    Anthropology;
•    Aesthetics;
•    Culturology;
•    Criminology;
•    Commerce;
•    Education and assessment;
•    English language & literature;
•    Econometrics;
•    Ethics;
•    Geography;
•    History;
•    International economics;
•    Insurance;
•    Law;
•    Linguistics;
•    Marketing;
•    Macroeconomics;
•    Media & journalism;
•    Political science;
•    Philosophy;
•    Psychology;
•    Social policy;
•    Social work;
•    Sociology;
•    Spirituality;
•    Tourism;
•    Other related areas.

Articles should be prepared in strict accordance with the template found through the following link: http://hkjoss.com/docs/template.doc  and Author Guidelines, please check the link http://hkjoss.com/index.php/journal/about/submissions#authorGuidelines.  
Each article should have no more than six authors. A study based on up-to-date references of 2016-2021 is required.
All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 600 applies to papers accepted after peer review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English or Chinese. Authors may use our English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
Articles published in the Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
Scopus coverage years: from 2010 to 2014, from 2016 to Present.

The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences rank is Q4 (General Social Sciences).

Posted: 2023-02-06 More...
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Last Research Articles

Micro-, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) have grown into Indonesia's economic backbone. MSMEs also account for over 60% of GDP and 97% of domestic labor. Conversely, women own and manage 64.5% (or 37 million) of Indonesia's MSMEs. People's life, particularly the economy, have profited from information technology and its numerous derivatives, such as search engine platforms, social media, and e-commerce sites. Data, information, and digital assets are emerging as new forms of wealth. MSMEs may profit from social media by obtaining access to new information and ideas that can help them become more productive. Few studies have been conducted on the association between E.O. and social media learning, particularly among female entrepreneurs. This research aims to examine social media learning. It also intends to investigate the impact of gender on social media learning. Gender will also be investigated as a moderating element in enhancing social media learning in the study. The Rasch model analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis were used in the study. After analyzing the measurement model, it was discovered that the entrepreneurial orientation significantly influences social media learning among Indonesian MSMEs, especially women entrepreneurs. Gender also has a significant impact on social media learning. Gender, on the other hand, is not significant as an E.O. moderator in improving social media learning among Indonesian MSMEs. The study provides implications for an effective method, using social media learning, to develop a large proportion of women entrepreneurs in Indonesia. Therefore, the study delivers originality to the ongoing discussion in the academic literature about social media learning, entrepreneurial orientation, and gender perspective in entrepreneurship development.

social media learning, gender, women entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial orientation.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.60.83

Maria Grace Herlina, Banu Rinaldi, Karto Iskandar

Global indices influence the movement of several indices in other countries. The market capitalization of global indices has a fluctuating effect on the ups and downs of indexes in other countries. The phenomenon of the study is that Indonesia has a profitable capital market with a gap in index growth during the pandemic, which is slower than the world index. The novelty of this study is that the Indonesian pandemic and the world index influence the Indonesian index was conducted through secondary data by tracing references from books, journals, and electronic media. This study analyzes the relationships of the American Dow Jones index, the Hang Seng index, and the Japanese Nikkei index and the Jakarta Composite Index. The research approach is carried out quantitatively. The methodology used is multiple linear regression, with classical assumption tests, including heteroscedasticity, multicollinearity, and normality. The analysis is carried out by partial, simultaneous quantification and the magnitude of the variables studied. This study gives implications to the investors to choose the right strategy and approaches. Novelty in this study is combining the movement of the world index with macrofactors that can be seen in the SBI and the IHSG rupiah exchange rate.


Keywords: capital market, Covid-19, Dow Jones, Hang Seng, Nikkei, Jakarta Composite Index.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.60.82

Ridwan Maronrong, Norhayah Zulkifli, Salina Rusli

Digital competence for teaching is the set of values, abilities, skills, and attitudes that allow the proper implementation of the teaching-learning process during online education. This study analyzed digital teaching competence in professors from two different university contexts concerning sociodemographic and academic variables in June 2021. This research had a quantitative approach, classified as non-experimental, analytical, and cross-sectional. The population comprised 79 professors from the Faculty of Health Sciences, National University of Chimborazo, Ecuador, as well as 35 from the Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Granada, Spain. The data were collected using the Online Tutor Functions and Competencies Scale. There were statistically significant differences in the specific competence related to socialization activities regarding the university where the participants were teaching (p = 0.018) and experience as a professor (p = 0.028). Results of the global competence indicated significant differences according to the time of experience in teaching and preferred teaching modality. A significant association was established between the variables related to academic components and the global competence for digital teaching. The R2 values indicated a low level of goodness of fit, with a higher percentage favoring the forecast level. The preferred teaching modality had a significant predictability value, but its odds ratio showed that it did not condition the state of global competence for digital teaching. The study innovated using binary logistic regression to analyze the predictive capacity of specific dimensions regarding digital competence in higher education settings.


Keywords: digital competence, higher education, digital teaching.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.60.81

Yosbanys Roque Herrera, Manuel Cañas Lucendo, Gina Alexandra Pilco Guadalupe, Santiago Alonso García, Dennys Tenelanda López

The study assessed the exploitation of casual workers in the Nigerian financial sector, with a specific reference to banks in the Sokoto megalopolis. The objective of the study was to examine the working condition of utmost casual staff in these banks. The study was explicatory and employed a qualitative exploration design; for the purposes of the study, a total of five banks were used as a sample, accounting for 70% of the banks in Sokoto metropolitan. Fifty respondents (casual/contract workers) were purposefully picked from the 171 casual staff members of the selected banks by random sampling to form a sample of the population. Using a key informant interview guide, five management staff members, one from each selected bank, were also interviewed. The study found that the salaries to casual staff in the bank is not commensurate to the work executed, Business Solution enterprises were the major agents in the exploitation of casual workers of banks in Nigeria and these BSFs are possessed by the top directors of the banks; denoting double exploitation, casual staff are being deprived of certain social benefits, allowances, and social security of jobs. The study recommends the perpetration of the transnational labor laws and making of laws to check the casualization of labor in fiscal institutions, that government should ensure strict compliance with the labor laws, and unionization was explosively recommended as a move toward negotiating the rights of casual staff, among others.


Keywords: casual, business solution firms, exploitation of workers, workers’ performance.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.60.80

Usman Ibrahim Dabai, Novel Lyndon

Purposes of the study are: (1) to develop novel approaches to competency-based learning management that are combined with activities that improve the competences of students in practice teaching professional experience and (2) to examine the outcomes of the integration of efforts to improve the competency of students in practice teaching professional experience with the transfer of competency-based learning management innovation. The sample group consisted of 50 members of the Faculty of Education of Phetchabun Rajabhat University in Thailand. Third-year-level pre-service student teaching practicum experience during the second semester of the academic year 2022 is achieved by a straightforward lottery draw. The study's methodology is research and development, and its tools include knowledge examinations, assessments for creating learning management systems, and interviews. Developing innovative learning management strategies based on competency-based work was discovered to be linked with curriculum analysis, student analysis, and competency-based learning management systems, which is the most suited. The research findings sparked innovation in competency-based learning management that was integrated with the workplace; students who had knowledge and skills of creating a competency-based learning management plan that was connected with their work were deemed to have practiced teaching professionally, after learning more than the required amount, a competency-based learning management system that is connected with work is created. Before embracing the innovation of competency-based learning management connected with work, teachers should look at how to use learning management plans to manage teaching and learning in a straight line while leveraging the research findings, promoting the learning management model should take the position of instructors who are in charge of organizing various learning activities to reach the desired goal.


Keywords: upgrading the potential, competency-based learning management innovation integration, enhancing students’ ability.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.60.79

Kamolchart Klomim, Boonsong Kuayngern
Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences
The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences is read by a large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.
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