Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences

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The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences (HKJSS) (ISSN:1021-3619) is a double-blind peer-reviewed, open access research journal. HKJSS aims to publish interdisciplinary research with a primary focus on original research or reviews in various disciplines of humanities and social sciences.

Articles are welcome in the following categories: education and assessment, English language & literature, media & journalism, politics & governance, psychology, sociology, macroeconomics, international economics, econometrics, tourism, insurance, commerce, marketing, history, political science, philosophy, culturology, aesthetics, ethics, law, spirituality.


The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is indexed by Scopus, Web of Science, America: History and Life, CSA Sociological Abstracts, Historical Abstracts, Hong Kong Journal Online, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, International Consortium for the Academic Publication, ProQuest,  Ulrich’s Periodical Directory, 中華民國期刊論文索引影像系統, 中文期刊篇目索引影像系統, 香港中文期刊論文索引, 港澳期刊網.


Journal audiences are learned readers, including researchers from universities and higher education institutions, policymakers, and administrators. 

Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the social sciences are accepted for consideration.

The editorial board of the HKJSS includes 25 members and is chaired by Editor-in-Chief  Prof. Luo Jinyi.

Frequency of publication:  Four issues per year beginning in 2020

Access to all articles on the website is open beginning in 2020; neither registration nor payment is required.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The HKJSS maintains electronic versions of all articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration are provided, and cloud technologies are applied.

Article Processing Charges (APC) Information


Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences publishes all its articles in full open access, meaning unlimited use and reuse of articles, in addition to giving credit to the authors. All of our articles are published under a Creative Commons (CC BY) license.
Authors pay the one-time publication fees of 450.00 euros, including:

• Language Editing Services of 80 euros (for articles of 5000 words or less),

• Layout Editing - 20 euros,

• Article Publication Charges (APCs) - 350 euros.


Article Processing Charge (APC) to cover the costs of peer review administration and management, professional production of articles in PDF and other formats, and dissemination of published papers in various venues, in addition to other publishing functions.  There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no surcharges based on the figures or supplementary data. Some items (Editorials, Corrections, Addendums, Retractions, Comments, etc.) are published free of charge.

Discounts on APCs may be granted at the Publisher's discretion and should be discussed with the editorial office when submitting the article. The editorial decision making is decoupled from the authors' ability to pay the Processing Charges, however authors should consider in advance whether they have sufficient funds to cover the full APC.

HKJSS also offers discount vouchers to selected reviewers.

APCs are payable within 5 to 10 business days.

Invoices are emailed shortly after acceptance to the payment contact provided by the authors. Only official invoices issued by HKJSS (@hkjoss.com) are valid. We do not authorize any third party to collect the APCs. HKJSS (@hkjoss.com) is the sole service provider and cannot be held liable for actions by third parties.
For wire transfers, we ask the customer to pay the fees for both the sender and the recipient bank, so that HKJSS receives the full invoiced amount.


For further information, please contact:

We’re located, Rm 1326, Lift 13 - 15, Academic Building, Clear Water Bay, Sai Kung, New Territories, Hong Kong
Get in touch with us!
Email: mailbox@hkjoss.com
Phone: (852)-4248-8958

Paper Submission 



Submission open for No. 63 Spring/Summer 2024

The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is accepting submissions for No. 63 Spring/Summer 2024

Dear Authors,
Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System http://hkjoss.com/index.php/journal/pages/view/papersubmission  or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail mailbox@hkjoss.com.  The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences an international, open access journal with rapid peer-review, which publishes works from a wide range of fields, including anthropology, criminology, economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, psychology, social policy, social work, sociology and so on. The journal seeks to appeal to an interdisciplinary audience and authorship which focuses upon real world research. With its efficient and qualified double-blind peer review process, Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences aims to present the newest relevant and emerging scholarship in the field to both academia and the broader public alike, thereby maintaining its place as a dynamic platform for engaging in social sciences research and academic debate.

Subject Areas:
•    Anthropology;
•    Aesthetics;
•    Culturology;
•    Criminology;
•    Commerce;
•    Education and assessment;
•    English language & literature;
•    Econometrics;
•    Ethics;
•    Geography;
•    History;
•    International economics;
•    Insurance;
•    Law;
•    Linguistics;
•    Marketing;
•    Macroeconomics;
•    Media & journalism;
•    Political science;
•    Philosophy;
•    Psychology;
•    Social policy;
•    Social work;
•    Sociology;
•    Spirituality;
•    Tourism;
•    Other related areas.

Articles should be prepared in strict accordance with the template found through the following link: http://hkjoss.com/docs/template.doc  and Author Guidelines, please check the link http://hkjoss.com/index.php/journal/about/submissions#authorGuidelines.  
Each article should have no more than six authors. A study based on up-to-date references of 2016-2021 is required.
All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 350 applies to papers accepted after peer review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English or Chinese. Authors may use our English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
Articles published in the Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
Scopus coverage years: from 2010 to 2014, from 2016 to Present.

The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences rank is Q4 (General Social Sciences).

Posted: 2024-02-20 More...
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Last Research Articles

The purpose of this study was to synthesize the research and development of online digital content combined with activities to promote perception based on the Sangha Vatthu 4, the 4 principles of Buddhism for undergraduate students of the Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand. The analysis was conducted using a seven-step educational operational framework to consider the quality assessment of content and presentation media and evaluate the perception and satisfaction of the sample group toward digital content and promotion of activities disseminated in international journals or conferences and national academic journals or conferences in the 2019-2022 academic years in Thailand. The sample group consisted of Thai undergraduate students selected by purposive sampling; all participated in the activities from start to finish and were willing to respond to questionnaires. The quality of online digital content combined with activities to promote perception based on the Sangha Vatthu 4 was found to be superb. The quality of the media presentations was also found to be superb. The perception of the sample group toward online digital content combined with activities to promote perception based on the Sangha Vatthu 4 was measured at the highest level. The satisfaction of the sample group was found to be the highest. Therefore, the developed online digital content combined with activities to promote perception for Thai undergraduate students can be used and should be further developed. Therefore, communicating to promote Thai students’ perception through the four principles of Buddhism, which can be challenging for Gen Z individuals to understand, should incorporate digital content following the ADDIE model combined with communication activities. This approach can lead to better understanding and satisfaction.


Keywords: digital content, activities, perception, the four principles of Buddhism.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.68

Amornrat Kittipongpisut, Pornpapatsorn Princhankol, Kuntida Thamwipat

This study developed, validated, and conducted reliability checks on a questionnaire designed to evaluate the effectiveness of service delivery in Papua New Guinea’s law and justice sector. The use of questionnaires to address social issues through focus group interviews (FGIs) in fields with limited published research has proven to be a valuable method in social research. This study, using a mixed methods research design, created and validated a quantitative questionnaire for assessing service delivery based on key themes identified in FGIs with participants from Papua New Guinea’s law and justice sector. The quantitative questionnaire consisted of ten items gathering biographical information, along with 57 items derived from themes discovered in the FGIs. These 57 items were tested with a sample of employees in the law and justice sector. Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to streamline the questionnaire, resulting in a final version of 44 items. Additionally, Cronbach’s alpha was used to verify the internal consistency of the questionnaire. The Law and Justice Sector questionnaire serves as a reliable tool for evaluating service delivery in Papua New Guinea, with the goal of enhancing service provision within the PNG law and justice sector.


Keywords: law and justice sector, principal component analysis, sequential exploratory design, Government of Papua New Guinea.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.67

Olugbenga Adedayo Ige

This study affirms the competence of individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) who undergo dialysis treatment in their ongoing acceptance of the illness and adjustment to their everyday routines. This study aimed to investigate the tangible encounters of patients coping with CKD while undergoing dialysis treatment. Diagnosis of CKD frequently necessitates modifications in the lifestyle. The preliminary study explores the personal encounters of patients residing on the eastern coast of Malaysia with CKD. A qualitative descriptive study explores the lived experiences of patients with CKD using a narrative approach. Purposive sampling selected the eight patients receiving dialysis treatment, and semi–structured interviews were conducted in a counseling room for confidentiality reasons. Three primary themes emerged in this research: (i) life before and after dialysis treatment in a flashback, (ii) patients’ health impacted their social life, and (iii) treatment and illness caused them to adjust their ibadah (worship) or religious practice. The challenges faced by patients undergoing dialysis treatment have provided valuable experience. All these primary themes have revealed the quality of life of dialysis patients through their illness. Individuals suffering from CKD with dialysis treatment face many intricate obstacles, including heightened symptom burden and functional restrictions across various routine activities in life. The originality of this study lies in its overall findings, which highlight the concept of embracing the current situation and accepting that their lives have deviated from the norm.


Keywords: chronic kidney disease, dialysis, lived experience, patients, Malaysia.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.66

Yuzana Mohd Yusop, Zakirah Ahmad Nawi, Harmy Mohamed Yusoff, Sulistyo Andarmoyo

This research aims to examine communicative processes in building resilience among displaced people through development projects in rural areas of Indonesia using the communication theory of resilience perspective. This study used a qualitative approach involving informants from Cipaku Village residents who experienced displacement due to the flooding of their homes for a dam project in Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia. The results show that communication is essential in building resilience through five processes: crafting new normalcy, where people construct normal situations after displacement; affirming identity anchor, communicative efforts to create or maintain a collaborative identity among displaced people; using and maintaining communication networks, the process by which they carry out communication activities both in interpersonal and group contexts; putting alternative logics to work, where they construct their loss with communicative efforts through alternative logics in seeking a new job; and finally legitimizing negative feelings while foregrounding positive actions. People form and frame the meaning of optimism by taking positive actions even though they cannot forget the traumatic events they have experienced. These communicative processes contribute to sustaining their livelihoods. Human resilience is not always related to the ability to recover but also to the inability of individuals to build their adaptive capacity with various underlying factors.


Keywords: communicative processes, communication theory of resilience, displaced people, development project, livelihood. 


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.65

Farida Hariyati, Djuara P. Lubis, Rilus A. Kinseng, Sumardjo

The manufacturing sector is the engine of economic growth. However, Nepal is unable to make rapid development of the manufacturing sector due to lack of skilled human capital. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the contribution of human capital development to economic growth in the manufacturing sector of Nepal. Time series data from FY1995/96 to FY2021/22 were used. The instrumental variables method was used to avoid simultaneous equation bias. The adult regressor literacy rate affects manufacturing real gross domestic product. Similarly, at the same time, other variables such as real export and labor employment in the manufacturing sector affect the dependent variable. Therefore, there is joint dependency between real GDP and human capital. The results of the instrumental variables method shows that human capital development has a positive and significant impact on manufacturing real gross domestic product in Nepal. This study reveals that adult literacy rate and employment in the manufacturing sector are major variables affecting the rise in manufacturing real GDP in Nepal. This study is applicable for government to increase the investment in education to increase the literacy rate and train employed people to increase human capital’s productive capacity for the development of the Nepalese manufacturing sector. This study enhances the literature by assessing the role of human capital development in economic growth in the manufacturing sector of Nepal.


Keywords: human capital, adult literacy rate, economic growth, manufacturing sector.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.55463/hkjss.issn.1021-3619.62.64

Bashu Dev Dhungel, Pitambar Lamichhane
Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences
The Hong Kong journal of Social Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences is read by a large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.
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